Causes that contribute to the occurrence of Bactrim crises. Exogenous causes Endogenous causes Stressful conditions Weather changes Excessive consumption of table salt Excessive physical activity Abrupt withdrawal of antihypertensive drugs Cerebral ischemia, which is caused by a decrease in blood pressure due to buy Bactrim online of antihypertensive drugs Excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages Hypokalemia Against the background of hormonal disorders in women in menopause. Exacerbation of coronary heart disease (acute insufficiency, cardiac asthma, impaired cerebral circulation) With prostate adenoma, urodynamic disorders.
Hypertensive crisis in pheochromocytoma is a consequence of an increase in catecholamines in the blood. It also occurs in acute glomerulonephritis. With Kohn syndrome, aldosterone hypersecretion occurs, which leads to increased excretion of potassium and contributes to the redistribution of electrolytes in the body, thereby leading to the accumulation of sodium and ultimately to an increase in peripheral vascular resistance.
Occasionally, a hypertensive crisis develops due to the mechanism of a reflex reaction in response to a lack of oxygen (hypoxia) or brain ischemia (ganglion blockers, the use of sympathomimetics, and the abolition of antihypertensive drugs). The risk of hypertensive crises exists in acute damage to buy septra pills target organs. Disorders of regional circulation are detected in the form of acute hypertensive encephalopathy, acute coronary insufficiency, stroke and acute heart failure. Damage to target organs occurs both at the peak of the crisis and due to a sharp decrease in blood pressure, especially in the elderly. Hypertensive crisis symptoms.
The development of a hypertensive crisis is manifested. nervous excitement, restlessness, anxiety, palpitations, cold sweat, feeling of lack of air, hand tremor, goose bumps, redness of the face.
The main symptom of a hypertensive crisis is a sharp increase in blood pressure, which is manifested by a significant increase in cerebral and renal blood circulation, which significantly increases the risk of severe cardiovascular complications (myocardial infarction, stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage, dissecting aortic aneurysm, acute renal failure, pulmonary edema). , acute coronary insufficiency, etc.).
Due to impaired cerebral circulation appear. nausea, dizziness, vomiting, blurred vision. The symptoms of hypertensive crises are very diverse. But still, the most common symptom that is observed in the early stages during the development of crises is a headache, which can also be accompanied by vomiting, nausea, dizziness, and tinnitus. As a rule, this headache is aggravated by sneezing, moving the head, defecation. Not only that, it is also accompanied by pain in the eyes with eye movements and photophobia.
First aid for a hypertensive crisis. Depending on the complexity of the patient's condition, you need to call an ambulance. Put the patient in a half-sitting position (for example, in a chair), provide peace, put a small pillow under his head.
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- As a rule, these can be Kapoten (ВЅ-1 tablet under the tongue until completely absorbed) or Corinfar (1 tablet under the tongue until completely absorbed).
- It is necessary to fix the values вЂ�вЂ�of the level of arterial pressure and pulse rate. The patient must not be left unattended. The following medical recommendations will be provided to the patient by the visiting doctor.
- If it is not possible to stop a hypertensive crisis or there are complications of it, or if it occurred for the first time, then such a patient needs urgent hospitalization in a cardiology hospital.
When stopping a hypertensive crisis, it is most often used.
Sodium nitroprusside (vasodilator) intravenously in drip form at a dosage of bactrim medication, after which the dosage is increased by 0.5 mg / kg per minute every 5 minutes. It will also be relevant with the simultaneous development of hypertensive encephalopathy, renal failure, with dissecting aortic aneurysm. If there is no pronounced effect within 10 minutes after reaching the maximum dose, then the administration is stopped.